Nordic welfare states and the dynamics and effects of ethnic residential segregation - NORFACE


In this comparative research project we aim to study the dynamics and effects of ethnic residential segregation in four Nordic countries. Ethnic residential segregation has been studied quite extensively through mapping and statistical indexes, but less is known about the complexities behind the spatially and statistically observable segregation patterns. Our research project has been designed to capture the links between welfare state policies, and trajectories of social spatial integration. The overall research questions are: How are the Nordic welfare states shaping the conditions for ethnic residential segregation and de-segregation and how are the patterns and processes of segregation affecting the wider social and spatial developments in the different host societies?

The project is designed to combine both within-case and across-case variations. The design is thus hierarchical, conceiving ethnic segregation as a phenomenon that is nested within urban and national structures, which in turn are nested within a Nordic political-ideological context. Empirical research is carried out in five subprojects, which explore the underlying causes and impacts of ethnic segregation through statistical analyses of international migration flows, housing careers and selective migration patterns and qualitative analyses of the effects of housing ambitions, strategies, preferences and neighbourhood stigmatisation. The national welfare and integration policies are also critically scrutinised. The project contributes to the call by advancing research-based knowledge on the dynamics of migration and settlement, and their current and potential future impacts on society and politics on a larger scale.


  1. Characteristics of international migration flows and migration policies in the Nordic countries.
  2. Longitudinal statistical analysis of housing careers of selected ethnic minority groups.
  3. Trapped or in transit? – Effects of selective migration moves, stigmatisation and perceptions of place and neighbourhood.
  4. Housing ambitions, strategies and choices of selected ethnic minority groups.
  5. Cross-case conclusions on ethnic segregation, integration and settlement policies in the Nordic welfare states.


Mari Vaattovaara, Professor of Urban Geography, Department of Geography, University of Helsinki, Finland

Timo Kauppinen, Senior Researcher, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland

Roger Andersson, Professor of Social & Economic Geography, Institute for Housing and Urban Research, Uppsala University, Sweden

Hans Skifter Andersen, Senior Researcher, Danish Building Research Institute, Denmark

Terje Wessel, Professor of Urban Geography, Department of Sociology and Human Geography University of Oslo, Norway

Susanne Søholt, Senior Researcher, Norwegian Institute of Urban and Regional Research, Norway

IBF:s forskargrupp

Roger Andersson

Lena Magnusson Turner

Emma Holmqvist

Lina Hedman

Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities. East meets West.

Boken bygger på forskningsprojekt som har genomförts i tretton stora europeiska städer: Amsterdam, Aten, Budapest, London, Madrid, Milano, Oslo, Prag, Riga, Stockholm, Tallinn, Wien och Vilnius. Till skillnad från tidigare forskning som till stor del fokuserar på etnisk segregation, lyfter Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities. East meets West fram segregation ur ett socio-ekonomiskt perspektiv.

Forskarna konstaterar att den sociala mixen i bostadsområdena minskar i Europa och att boendet över tid blir alltmer klassuppdelat. Människor med olika inkomster bor längre och längre ifrån varandra. Författarna pekar ut Stockholm som den stad där segregationen mellan rika och fattiga har ökat markant under de senaste tio åren.  

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