Determinants and dynamics of demographic segregation
Funding: Forte 2017-19
There is a growing interest in issues related to residential segregation. The focus of basically all recent segregation research is however directed to only two of the three basic dimensions of segregation (social class and ethnic origin/race). The third, demographic segregation – the allocation of households by age, household type and gender – has been left aside.
This has resulted in a lack of both theory development and recent empirical studies. One potential contributing factor is that demographic segregation is generally understood as relatively unproblematic, even though it is well known that it co-varies with other forms of segregation. For example, ethnic segregation may be partly explained by the fact that new immigrants tend to be young and for that particular reason economically weak, which in turn steer them towards rental housing. This project will contribute to a better knowledge base related to demographic segregation processes and consequently also contribute to the understanding of other forms of segregation.
Another contributing reason for the lack of Swedish studies of demographic segregation is a lack of high quality data of household units in multifamily housing. This problem was solved in 2012 with the introduction of a register based on housing unit (dwelling/apartment) rather than real estates. The project is based on quantitative analyses of register data where data from the Lägenhetsregister (housing unit register) are complemented by data from the latest national housing survey (FoB90), data from the real estate register 1990-2014, and individual register data for the entire period 1990-2014. Our main methods are GIS analyses, descriptive statistics including different measures of segregation, and multivariate analysis. Our data cover the entire Swedish population. Part of project will however focus on how demographic segregation co-varies with ethnic and class segregation and these analyses will focus on the ten largest regions.
And finally, one project component will focus on planning in the Stockholm region and this will mainly use qualitative methods (interviews, studies of plans etc). It has been argued before that planning for demographic mix in neighbourhoods are easier to accomplish since different age and family groups have different housing demand when it comes to location and dwelling size.
The project involves five senior researchers: